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in which the Eclipse begins and ends       1
severally, where each of them respectively begins,
and ends,
and where they we give       2       begins
begins and ends,
and where it cuts
the Longest Night begins and ends. thus       3
begins and ends in different Places,
according to the Letter it is joined to .       4
one Stroke 305 Begins, and ends,       5
but the precise manner how it begins
and ends, rises and falls       6
where M de- the twilight begins and ends       7
In the small circle       8
the action begins and ends often
before the conclusion,
and the different parts might change       9
It is very imperfect;
it begins and ends abruptly,
•       10
begins and ends in one day Electriz , sf . electress ta ! k
nonsense       11       his understanding of this passage
; on
the contrary, begins and ends       12
never perfectly so ; in this all
our knowledge both begins and ends ,       13
begins and ends in August for the part within the Walls,
and in May for the part without.       14
that it begins and ends       15
that human life begins and ends       16
ideal begins and ends       17
begins       18

sources (minus many from almanacs)

  1. ex Astronomical Lectures, read in the Public Schools at Cambridge; by William Whiston (1667-1752*)... Whereunto is added a collection of Astronomical Tables... for the use of young students in the university. And now done into English. (London, 1715) : 173
  2. ex Lancelot Carleton, A Letter, to the Revd. Mr. Joseph Slade, Lecturer of the Parish Church of St. Laurence in [R]eading. (Reading, 1727) : 3
    strikeout/correction in source
  3. ex Joseph Harris, The Description and Use of the Globes, and the Orrery. To which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a brief account of the Solar System. Second edition (London, 1732) : 119
    shorthand marginalia at page 78; plates not (or only partially) opened, e.g., Plate 2 between pages 24 and 25
    on Harris (1703-64), see wikipedia in a well-written entry by (evidently) geopersona
  4. ex Short-hand, adopted to the meanest capacity, wherein the rules are few, plain, and easy; the characters not burthensome to memory; and the hand shorter & more intelligible than any other extant. Together with the principles on which it is founded; also An Alphabetical Praxis, &c. By Henry Taplin. (London, 1760) : 2
  5. ex “Night the Seventh. Being the Second Part of the Infidel Reclaimed. Containing the Nature, Proof and Importance of Immortality.”
    in Dr. Eduard Young’s Klagen Oder Nachtgedanken : Über Leben, Tod und Unsterblichkeit, mit Konstruktionen und Erläuternden Anmerkungen Erleichtert von. G. F. Herrman... (Leipzig, 1800) : 359
  6. re: “The wind bloweth where it listeth...” in answer to the question, “What is the nature of the new-birth?”
    ex Jonathan Crowther (1760-1824), A True and Complete Portraiture of Methodism; or, the history of the Wesleyan Methodists. (London, 1811) : 173
  7. cross-column OCR misread, entry on “Atmosphere” (ATM), in
    Pantologia : A New Cabinet Cyclopaedia, Comprehending a complete series of essays, treatises, and systems, alphabetically arranged, with a general dictionary of arts, sciences, and words: the whole presenting a distinct survey of human genius, learning, and industry.
    By John Mason Good, Olinthus Gregory, and Newton Bosworth; assisted by other gentlemen of eminence, in different dpeartments of literature. Vol. 1 (London, 1819) : 615
  8. ex Epistle IV, in Traduction de L'Essai Sur L'homme de Pope : En Vers Français précédé d’un discours et suivie de notes, avec le texte Anglais en regard, par M. De Fontanes. (Paris, 1822) : 214
  9. ex “General Observations on Shakespeare’s Plays” (here, Merry Wives of Windsor), in
    The Works of Samuel Johnson, LL.D., A New Edition in twelve volumes. With an essay on his life and genius, by Arthur Murphy. Vol 10 (of 12; London, 1823) : 197
  10. error in preview snippet,
    ex John Brown, ed. and comp., The Historical Gallery of Criminal Portraitures, Foreign and Domestic : Containing a Selection of the Most Impressive Cases of Guilt and Misfortune to be Found in Modern History. vol. 2 (of 2; Manchester, 1823) : 45
    Volume 1 (different — NYPL — holding), with some nice scanning errors, here
  11. cross-column OCR misread, at “Efeméro, sm. a thing, which,”
    in Henry Neuman, Diccionario portátil español-inglés (Paris, 1827) : 117
  12. ex Sermon on Confirmation : By William Meade (1789-1862), D. D., Assistant Bishop of the Docess of Virginia. Preached in Winchester, on Sunday, Dec. 12, 1830. Third Edition. Alexandria, D. C., 1833) : 84
    on William Meade (1789-1862), see wikipedia
    see also Sermons addressed to Masters and Servants, and published in the year 1743, by the Rev. Thomas Bacon, Minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Maryland. Now Republished with other Tracts and Dialogues on the same subject, and recommended to all masters and mistresses, to be used in their families. By the Rev. William Meade. (Winchester, Va., 1813[?]). Oberlin College Library copy, at archive.org
    in which a dialogue between Mr. Jackson and a slave of Mr. Wilkins, whom he comes upon during a walk, reading the Bible, pages 141-156 (145)
  13. ex “On Abstract Ideas,” in William Hazlitt, Essays on the Principles of Human Action, on the Systems of Hartley and Helvetius; and on Abstract Ideas. (1835) : 165
  14. ex Muncipal Corporation Boundaries (England and Wales), “Report upon the Proposed Municipal Boundary and Division of Wards of the Borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne” in Reports from Commissioners (House of Lords) Vol. 46 (1837) : 335
  15. ex Speech of John Sergeant on the Judicial Tenure : Delivered in Convention of Pennsylvania, on the 7th and 8th of November 1837. (Philadelphia, 1838) : 39
  16. ex George W(ashington) Burnap (1802-59 *). Lectures to Young Men : On the Cultivation of the Mind, the formation of character, and the conduct of life : delivered in Masonic Hall, Baltimore. (Baltimore, 1860) : 77
  17. ex Bertrand du Guesclin, Connétable de France et de Castille, par Émile de Bonnechose, edited with introduction, commentary and map by Stanley M. Leathes. (Cambridge, 1895) : xv
    on Bertrand du Guesclin (c1320-1380), see wikipedia
  18. carved out of these Practical Questions —
    “begins and ends at what point ?”
    “begins and ends where ?”
    in W(illiam). G(eorge). Knight, his Practical Questions on Locomotive Operating (Springfield, Mass., 1913) : 190

on the word “begins” —

The usual form in Old English was onginnen, perhaps “to open, open up,” and comparable to OHG in-ginnen “to cut open, open up.” It is odd — unfair? — that “ends” might be a noun, but not “begins.” There is however “The hard begin, that meets thee in the dore” in Spenser’s Faerie Queen (III, iii, 21).

The OED has an obsolete verbal sense “to entrap, ensnare” (here); no surprises in Wright’s English Dialect Dictionary (here).

13 November 2020

tags: begins; couplets; ends; onginnen