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what powerful chains of circumstances


Figures 1 through 16, ex
Lillie Eginton Warren. Means for Teaching Reading of the Facial Expressions which Occur in Speaking.
US Patent 726,484, April 28, 1903
available also via espacenet here (and of course via USPTO).

I surmise that the facial expressions illustrated in the patent document, from which the animated gif is formed, are taken from photographs, perhaps of Warren herself. They “may represent a variety of letters or combination of letters,” she writes, to distinguish her idea from prior art.

Those letters/combinations of letters — sounds, really — are:

01     w, wh, long and short oo
02     y, long e, short i
03     broad a i e ah, and short o
04     f, v
05     th,
06     sh, soft ch, soft g, and j
07     p, b, m
08     l
09     n
10     r, ur, and short u
11     aw
12     t, d
13     short a, short e
14     k, hard g, and ng
15a    long a
15b    long a
16     s, z

The animated gif runs through these expressions in order. Another animation might be prepared to demonstrate the collocation of expressions used to form Warren’s example sentence —

What powerful chains of circumstances said the wise old chief.

Warren’s system is more fully elucidated in her The Warren Method of Expression Reading and Numerical Cipher (1898)
Library of Congress copy, digitized November 30, 2012, available via archive.org.

See also her Defective Speech and Deafness (1895)
University of Michigan copy, digitized September 12, 2012

update (7 June 2019)
A sequence of derivations from the Warren Method, and more on Warren herself, can also be viewed at the asfaltics archive, being several posts between 641 and 656, and brought together in Mutilation Odes (2015) — pdf of the page spreads here.

21 December 2013

chains of circumstance; deafness; elocution; the face; Lillie Eginton Warren, The Warren Method (1898), &c.